06-Migration111

06-Migration111 - Population II: Migration Types of...

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Population II: Migration
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Types of Migration Emigration (from) or immigration (to) Voluntary or involuntary (forced) International (between countries) or Internal (within a country) Documented or undocumented
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Migration Flows
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Push” Push” Factors Factors Violence (war or high crime) Violence (war or high crime) Relatively poor economy / perceived Relatively poor economy / perceived lack of opportunity lack of opportunity Ethnic or religious persecution Ethnic or religious persecution Degraded resources or less favorable Degraded resources or less favorable climate and/or conditions climate and/or conditions
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“Pull” factors Peace / Security Peace / Security Economic opportunities / good services Economic opportunities / good services Freedom of expression Freedom of expression Better sense of place or climate / Better sense of place or climate / natural conditions natural conditions
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Intervening Obstacles Intervening Obstacles Restrictions on immigration Restrictions on immigration Legal Legal Physical Physical Bias against immigrants Bias against immigrants Distance and lack of money Distance and lack of money Cultural unfamiliarity Cultural unfamiliarity Language Language Customs Customs Laws Laws Geographic unfamiliarity Geographic unfamiliarity
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Voluntary Migration Gross migration Total number of migrants Net migration Gain or loss as result of migration
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Chain Migration Family/friends write home, attract new immigrants Family reunifications “Secondary migration” to new home in adopted country
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Guest Workers” Guest Workers” Temporary employment / migration Remittances: Remittances: Send money home Kids become citizens? Born in U.S.A. Eastern Europeans, Wisconsin Dells—TODAY! Turks in Germany, 1980s Mexican “braceros” in U.S., 1950s
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Brain Drain” Brain Drain” Educated, skilled migrate for better jobs Wealthy, educated (core) country gains Poor country (periphery) loses skilled people
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Immigration from Asia Immigration from Asia
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NY Times Article “Brain Drain” (Oct. 25, 2005) “The study found that from a quarter to almost half
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course GEOG 111 taught by Professor Degrave during the Fall '07 term at Wisc Eau Claire.

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06-Migration111 - Population II: Migration Types of...

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