March 10 JRC

March 10 JRC - I. Ashkenaz a. Jews of Central and Eastern...

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I. Ashkenaz a. Jews of Central and Eastern Europe i. 9 th century Italy- S. and Sicily 1. Stable community with Jewish institutions 2. Put down roots that lasted many years 3. Under King Charlemagne ii. 1. Ashkenaz a. Center of Jewish life in Europe b. Ashkenazic Jews iii. Spread eastward to Poland and west to France and England b. Middle Ages i. Feudal society 1. Divided in 2 classes a. Lords b. Peasants i. Rent land from lords at unfair rates 2. Jews were outside the system a. Neither lords nor peasants 3. Violence and anti-semitism a. Extreme moments b. Connected with the crusades i. A series of Christian movements ii. Rescuing Christian holy sites in Palestine from infidels iii. Attacked the Jews at home as infidels as well c. Blood libel i. 1235- first documented ii. Fulda, Germany iii. Myth according to which Jews are accused of engaging in some sort of murder rituals 1. Murder Christians to get their blood 2. Jews need Christian blood to bake matza iv. Blamed Jews for crucifixion of jesus
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHL 285 taught by Professor Sufrin during the Spring '08 term at Northeastern.

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March 10 JRC - I. Ashkenaz a. Jews of Central and Eastern...

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