UCSP-Reviewer-Finals.docx - Kinship Kinship The bond of...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 7 pages.

KinshipKinship- The bond of blood or marriage which binds people together in group.TYPES OF KINSHIPConsanguineal relatives: people on both sides of family related to you by blood.Affinal relatives: people who are related to you through marriageFictive kinship: patterned on kin-like relations but not actually based upon blood or marriageFunctions of kinship1. Vertical function– binding together successive generations, thereby providing social continuity. • Passing on property, political office, & tradition.2. Horizontal function– tying people together across a single generation through marriage practices. • Kin groups usually practice some degree of exogamy – rule which states that you must marry outside a certain group. • People must normally look outside for marriage partners and create alliances with other groups. • Alliances can be useful for political, economic, ceremonial purposes. Kinship by BloodDescent • Socially recognized links between ancestors & descendants. Anthropologists frequently use diagrams to illustrate kinship relationships to make them more understandableUnilineal Descent This traces descent only through a single line of ancestors, male or female. Both males and females are members of a unilineal family, but descent links are only recognized through relatives of one gender. The two basic forms of unilineal descent are referred to as patrilineal and matrilineal.Patrilineal Descent Both males and females belong to their father's kin group but not their mother's. However, only males pass on their family identity to their children. A woman's children are members of her husband's patrilineal line. RedMatrilineal Descent The form of unilineal descent that follows a female line. When using this pattern, individuals are relatives if they can trace descent through females to the same female ancestor.While both male and female children are members of their mother's matrilineal descent group, only daughters can pass on the family line to their offspring. Green
Kinship by MarriageMarriage-is an institution that admits men and women to family lifeEdward Westermarckdefined marriage as the more or less durable connection between male and female lasting beyond the mere act of propagation till after the birth of offspring. Lowiedefined it as a relatively permanent bond between permissible mates.Malinowski defined marriage as a contract for the production and maintenance of children. According to Lundberg Marriageconsists of the rules and regulations that define the rights, duties and privileges of husband and wife with respect to each other.Polygamy-is a Greek word meaning "The practice of multiple Marriage". It is a marriage pattern in which an individual is married to more than one person at a time.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture