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Final Draft - Underage Drinking and Policies

Final Draft - Underage Drinking and Policies - 1 Cory...

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1 Cory McAndrews Criminology November 27, 2007 Dr. Kurtz Underage Drinking in America Underage drinking in the United States is a serious health and safety problem with social, personal, and economical consequences for adolescences and the Nation as a whole. The underage drinking topic has been pretty hot for a long time now and has a long history which only gets worse each year. Children are being exposed to the damaging effects of underage drinking younger and earlier than before and many are concerned with finding a solution. It has been discovered that at least 10% of adolescences have begun consuming alcohol by age 10, and nearly one third by the age of 13 with the peak of alcohol initiation around 7 th and 8 th grade (Donovan and Grunbaum et al. 2004). One of the most alarming effects are on the development of the adolescent brain which is hindered by consumption mostly below the age of 21. The brain still develops up until about twenty years old and scientists worry as a result of testing because it shows that alcohol affects the development of the brain and proves younger people who drink have more alcohol dependency problems as they get older (Reducing Underage Drinking, 64). As discovered by The National Academies Press, youths with alcohol use disorders also performed worse on memory tests than nondrinkers and decreased ability in planning and executing functioning, memory, spatial operations and attention. It was also found in research by the MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Driving) organization that drinking has effects on the esophagus, brain, heart, lungs, liver, stomach, kidneys, small intestines and pancreas,
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2 reproductive system, blood, joints and muscles. Drinking has also been proved to be one of the leading causes of fatalities in young people over drugs or anything else. The facts found through research show the deep concern revolving around the issue based on the given information above. The main problem in this situation is underage drinking and also just as importantly it is about the toll that this binge drinking has on the body, and the outcome of our actions under the influence of alcohol. It has been reported by the Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse that 90% of rapes on college campuses occur when alcohol is being used by either the assailant or the victim. It has also been proven that 95% of violent crime on campuses has been alcohol related. There is ample proof that show that teens under the age of 21 cannot handle alcohol as maturely as those of age. Research since the raising of the drinking age limit from 18 to 21 have shown that teenage fatalities in car crashes has gone down up to 28% in some cases. It is a commonly stated fact that many young adults and adolescences have a feeling of invincibility at a young age and they feel indestructible. This feeling of invincibility leads to a bold feeling making teens do things they normally wouldn't do. Whether it be a stupid bone headed prank or jumping behind the wheel of a vehicle, the outcome of any drunken actions we partake in can be tragic.
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Final Draft - Underage Drinking and Policies - 1 Cory...

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