Into Government Notes - Government: The sole source of...

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Government: The sole source of legal authority over a population, whose responsibility lies in the creation and enforcement of the rules and laws ina given territory. Direct democracy has citizens making and enforcing the laws as opposed to an indirect democracy in which we have people compete for the ability to rule or govern the people. Legitimacy: The right of the rulers to rule by consent of those who rule. Sovereignty: the ability to rule oneself. Characteristics of American Government; 1. popular consent a. Those that govern society do so based only upon the permission of those who are governed. 2. popular sovereignty a. We can make and alter and abolish government at will. 3. majority plurality rule and minority rights 4. individualism a. every citizen receives the right to achieve their highest degree of human fulfillment 5. political equality a. one person, one vote 6. personal liberties a. civil liberties and civil rights Key Concepts behind the declaration of Independence and Constitution 1. Human Equality a. We all have rights that can not be taken away 2. Inalienable Rights 3. Popular Sovereignty 4. Popular Consent 5. Right to Rebel 6. Separation of Powers Key concepts of Hobbes and Locke 1. Legitimacy a. What is the basis? What gives people the right to rule? 2. Divine right of kings 3. state of nature a. Living without government b. Humans are rational thinking beings and acquisitive 4. social contract theory a. Individuals in their natural state will give up their right to rule themselves and enter into a government to escape tyranny b. Gov. will provide organization and safety
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1. Federation: Sovereignty divided between national and subnational units. A. Sub national gov. Units are like states. B. A means of structuring government wherby the states and the national government enjoy powers exclusive of each other while sharing other powers concurrently. C. Types of Federations 1. Poly-ethnic (the former soviet union.) 2. Mixed Federation a. most nearly all the sub national units have a common identity 3. Mono-ethnic federation a. variation in the people that live across the sub-national units but the units are not defined by them. 2. Unitary Systems A. A means of structuring government whereby all decision-making authority is centralized at the national level B. The sub-national units can be given powers but it can also be taken away. 3. Confederation A. a means of structuring government whereby the national government is created by and rules on sub national government for its authority. B. A compact between several sovereign units to achieve a mutual goal, BUT any sovereign unit may leave the compact at any time. Powers Granted 1. authority over war and foreign relations a. provide for common defense b. punishment for treason 2. authority over the economy a. ability to print currencies b. establishment of uniformed weights and measures c. roadways d. grant patents, copyrights, trademarks 3. Authority over government organizations a. Creating states and territories
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Into Government Notes - Government: The sole source of...

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