Chapter 1 Psychology Notes

Chapter 1 Psychology Notes - Types of Psychology...

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Types of Psychology Biopsychology/Neuroscience Clinical Psychology Cognitive Psychology Counseling Psychology Developmental Psychology Educational and School Psychology Experimental Psychology Gender and/or Cultural Psychology Industrial/Organizational Psychology Social Psychology Psychology is the Scientific Study of Behavior and Mental Processes. The History of Psychology 1879 Father of Psychology – Wilhelm Wundt Established the first psychological laboratory at the University of Leipzig, Germany. Primarily interested in studying the conscious experience – how we form sensations, images, and feelings. Wrote most important book in the history of psychology – “Principles of Physiological Psychology.” Historical roots of Psychology Origins in Philosophy Greek Philosopher Socrates (470-399 BCE) and his followers wrote extensively about human nature Hippocrates (460-377 BCE) “father of modern medicine” referred to the human brain as an “interpreter of consciousness.” Roman physician Galen (130-200 CE) theorized that every individual is born with one of four personality types or “temperaments.” Some of Psychologys early pioneers include… William James (1842 – 1910) Functionalist – studied how the mind functions to adapt humans and other animals to their environment. Published important text “Principles of Psychology” Mary Whiton Calkins (1863 – 1930) Conducted one of the first studies of dreams First female president of the American Psychological Association
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Kenneth Clark (1914 – 1975) First African American president of the American Psychological Association. Conducted research on prejudice that was cited in 1964 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939) Formulated Psychoanalysis Theory of personality, a form of psychotherapy, and one of the most influential schools of thought in modern history. Structure of the mind Three major parts – id (pleasure principle), ego (reality principle), Ivan Pavlov (1849 – 1936) Initiated the study of Classical Conditioning Type of learning in which a neutral stimulus is paired with a response until it elicits that response. Pavlov’s Dog
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCHOLOGY PSY-1012-1 taught by Professor Philcox during the Spring '08 term at Valencia.

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Chapter 1 Psychology Notes - Types of Psychology...

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