General Psych - Chapter 3[1].1

General Psych - Chapter 3[1].1 - Chapter 3 Stress &...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 3 Stress & Health Psychology Topics Understanding Stress Stress and Illness Health Psychology Health and Stress Management Definition of Stress Nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it; the arousal, both physical and mental, to situations or events that we perceive as threatening or challenging. Hans Selye Another Definition Pressure from the outside that can make you feel tense on the inside. Stress and Health Leading Causes of Death, 1900-2000 • Since 1900, heart disease, cancer, and strokes have replaced infectious diseases as the major causes of death. • Behavioral factors contribute to each of these leading causes of death. Exercise List five stressors that you have in your life and then select the top two. Sources of Stress Life Changes Chronic Stressors Hassles Frustration Conflict Stress and Health The Sources of Stress Stress and Coping Although stressful events have effects on the body, the way people cope can promote health or illness. Life Changes Early Stress Researchers Holmes and Rahe (1967) believed that change of any kind that required some adjustment in behavior or lifestyle could cause stress. Created the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS). Renner and Mackin (1998) recent version of the Social Readjustment Rating is the College Undergraduate Stress Scale (CUSS) Exercise Measuring your life changes over the past one year. Determine your score on the College Undergraduate Stress Scale (CUSS) Results The Score 0 – 150 = No significant problems 150 – 199 = Mild life crisis (33 percent chance of illness) 200 – 299 = Moderate life crisis (50 percent chance of illness) 300 and above = Major life crisis (80 percent chance of illness) Group Exercise Take the list of 27 items of Life Events and assign new ratings to those Life Events listed. Select the top five stressors that you determine to be the most stressful in descending order. Chronic Stressors Divorce Child and Spouse Abuse Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Financial Problems Bad Marriage Poor Working Conditions Chronic Stressors Largest Single Source is Work What Workers Say About Stress on the Job One-fourth of employees view their jobs as the number one stressor in their lives. - Northwestern National Life Three-fourths of employees believe the worker has more on-the-job stress than a generation ago. - Princeton Survey Research Associates Problems at work are more strongly associated with health complaints than are any other life stressor-more so than even financial problems or family problems. - St. Paul Fire and Marine Innsuance Co. National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (2004) What is Job Stress?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCHOLOGY PSY-1012-1 taught by Professor Philcox during the Spring '08 term at Valencia.

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General Psych - Chapter 3[1].1 - Chapter 3 Stress &...

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