General Psych - Chapter 7[1].16

General Psych - Chapter 7[1].16 - Chapter 7 MEMORY...

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    Chapter 7 MEMORY
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    Definition of Memory An Internal Record or Representation of  Some Prior Event or Experience
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    Definition of Constructive  Process Organizing and shaping of information  during processing, storage, and retrieval  of memories. Memory is a Constructive Process
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    Exercise Three to Five volunteers to leave the  classroom.  Retelling a story.   Keep track of the errors made. What does this exercise reveal about  the operation of the memory system.  
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    Four Models of Memory Information Processing Model Parallel Distributed Processing Model Levels of Processing Approach Traditional Three-Stage Memory Model
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    Information Processing Approach Memory is a process, analogous to a  computer, where information goes  through three basic processes –  encoding, storage, and retrieval.
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    Encoding  – Translating information into  neural codes (language) – i.e. sensory  (sound/visual image) into language. Storage  – Retaining neurally coded  information over time. Retrieval  – Recovering information from  memory storage.
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    Levels of Processing  Approach Memory depends on the degree or depth  of mental processing occurring when  material is initially encountered.   Shallow processing leads to little  memory, whereas deeper processing  adds meaning and greater memory.  
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    Traditional Three-Stage Memory Model Memory requires three different storage boxes  or stages to hold and process information for  various lengths of time.  Sensory memory  holds information for exceedingly short  intervals, short-term memory retains  information for approximately 30 seconds or  less (unless renewed), and long-term memory  provides relatively permanent storage.  
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    Sensory Memory First Stage of Memory What we see, hear, touch, taste, and  smell first enters our  sensory memory. Lasts up to ½ a second for visual (iconic 
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCHOLOGY PSY-1012-1 taught by Professor Philcox during the Spring '08 term at Valencia.

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General Psych - Chapter 7[1].16 - Chapter 7 MEMORY...

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