General Psych - Chapter 9[1].71

General Psych - Chapter 9[1].71 - CHAPTER 9 Life Span...

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CHAPTER 9 CHAPTER 9 Life Span Development Life Span Development
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Developmental Psychology The study of age-related changes in behavior and mental processes from conception to death.
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TOPICS PRENATAL NEWBORN THE INFANT AND GROWING CHILD ADOLESCENCE ADULTHOOD AND OLD AGE
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The Life Cycle SUCCESS: At age 4 success is . . not peeing in your pants. At age 12 success is . having friends. At age 16 success is . having a drivers license. At age 35 success is . having money. At age 50 success is . having money. At age 70 success is . having a drivers license. At age 75 success is . having friends. At age 80 success is . not peeing in your pants.
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Theoretical Issues Nature vs. Nurture Continuity vs. Stages Stability vs. Change
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Nature vs. Nurture Nature – A general term for the traits, capacities, and limitations that each individual inherits genetically from his or her parents at the moment of conception. Nurture – A general term for all the environmental influences that affect development after an individual is conceived.
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Continuity vs. Stages Continuity – development is continuous, with new abilities, skills, and knowledge gradually added at a relatively uniform pace. Suggest that adult thinking and intelligence differ quantitatively form a child’s Stages – development occurs at different rates, alternating between periods of little change and periods of abrupt, rapid change.
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Stability vs. Change Stability – maintaining personal characteristics as you mature. Change – personal characteristics change as you mature.
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Research Methods: Two Basic Approaches Cross-Sectional Method Research design that measures individuals of various ages at one point in time and gives information about age differences. Longitudinal Research Research done that measures a single individual or group of individuals over an extended period of time and gives information about age changes.
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Advantages/Disadvantages Cross-Sectional Advantages Gives information about age differences Quick Less Expensive Typically larger sample Disadvantages Cohort effects Restricted generalizability (measures behaviors at only one point in time)
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Advantages/Disadvantages Longitudinal Advantages Gives information about age changes Increased reliability More in-depth information per participant Disadvantages More expensive Time consuming Restricted gneralizability (typically smaller sample and dropouts over time)
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Basic Developmental Questions Developmental Research Strategies
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Physical Development Prenatal Germinal Period Embryonic Period Fetal Period Early Childhood Brain Development Motor Development Sensory and Perceptual Development Adolescence and Adulthood Adolescence Middle Age Late Adulthood
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Prenatal Development The Growing Fetus Fertilization 6 weeks 30 Hours 4 months
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Discussion Question There are devastating consequences following
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCHOLOGY PSY-1012-1 taught by Professor Philcox during the Spring '08 term at Valencia.

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General Psych - Chapter 9[1].71 - CHAPTER 9 Life Span...

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