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Unformatted text preview: Review for Exam #2 Chapter 9 Developmental Psychology The study of age-related changes in behavior and mental processes from conception to death. TOPICS PRENATAL NEWBORN THE INFANT AND GROWING CHILD ADOLESCENCE ADULTHOOD AND OLD AGE Theoretical Issues Nature vs. Nurture Continuity vs. Stages Stability vs. Change Nature Vs Nurture Nature A general term for the traits, capacities, and limitations that each individual inherits genetically from his or her parents at the moment of conception. Nurture A general term for all the environmental influences that affect development after an individual is conceived. Continuity vs Stages Continuity development is continuous, with new abilities, skills, and knowledge gradually added at a relatively uniform pace. Suggest that adult thinking and intelligence differ quantitatively form a childs Stages development occurs at different rates, alternating between periods of little change and periods of abrupt, rapid change. Stability vs Changes Stability maintaining personal characteristics as you mature. Change personal characteristics change as you mature. Physical Development Prenatal Germinal Period Embryonic Period Fetal Period Research Methods: Two Basic Approaches Cross-Sectional Method Research design that measures individuals of various ages at one point in time and gives information about age differences. Longitudinal Research Research done that measures a single individual or group of individuals over an extended period of time and gives information about age changes. Advantages/Disadvantages Cross-Sectional Advantages Gives information about age differences Quick Less Expensive Typically larger sample Disadvantages Cohort effects Restricted generalizability (measures behaviors at only one point in time) Advantages/Disadvantages Longitudinal Advantages Gives information about age changes Increased reliability More in-depth information per participant Disadvantages More expensive Time consuming Restricted gneralizability (typically smaller sample and dropouts over time) Kohlbergs Stages of Moral Development Preconventional Level Birth to Adolescence Conventional Level Adolescence and Young Adulthood...
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- Spring '08
- Developmental Psychology