Theology Exam 3 Study Guide

Theology Exam 3 Study Guide - Theological Foundations Exam...

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Theological Foundations Exam 4 Definitions Exclusivism An attitude or disposition of exclusion; in theologies of world religions, the belief that truth resides only in Christianity and that there are no meaningful similarities between Christianity and other religions. Theocracy An intellectual discipline that explores (religious) reality from a particular perspective, namely God as ultimate ground and goal of all reality; in the words of Anselm, it is “Faith seeking understanding”. Dispensationalism A Christian perspective on history, which says that scripture tells the history of God’s dealings with humanity, a history that can be divided into various stages called dispensations. Christians are living in the sixth stage, the age of the Spirit, and are about to enter the seventh dispensation, the fullness of time. Therefore, they ought to read the scriptures from this perspective in order to prepare for the final days. Jesuits/Society of Jesus This religious order was founded by Ignatius of Loyola in A.D. 1540. Dedicated to the service of the pope, they played an important role in the Catholic reformation both as missionaries and teachers. Liberation Theology Emphasis such things as preferential options for the poor, develops particularly out of South America, and focuses on liberating the poor. Renaissance Meaning “rebirth”; a cultural movement that began in Italy approximately A.D. 1350 and spread to other European countries by the time it came to a close in 1600. It involved a renewed interest in the Latin and Greek classics, a focus on the individual person and the natural world, and a more specific approach to history and literature. It was accomplished by a burst of creative activity in art and architecture. Revivals A religious meeting designed to awaken in people an awareness of their sin and their need for forgiveness. Revival meetings were part of the Great Awakening, an 18 th century A.D. spiritual renewal movement in the English colonies. Denomination A particular church tradition, having a common doctrine and organizational structure, within the Christian faith. Pilgrim The English Puritan settlers who arrived on the Mayflower in A.D. 1620 to establish the Massachusetts Bay colony. The name “pilgrim”, a reference to Heb 11:13-14, was given to these founders a decade later and was formally adopted in
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1798. Evolution The theory advocated by Charles Darwin about the development of species. The theory of evolution claims that species emerge by natural processes alone (for example, natural selection) rather than by the miraculous creation of God. Johann Gutenberg Invented the printing press. Pentecostal A family of Protestant churches whose members demonstrate their Christian faith through the gifts of the Holy Spirit, in particular, healing, wisdom to discern spirits, prophecy, and speaking in tongues (glossolalia). It includes the Assemblies of God, the Church of God, the Pentecostal Holiness Church, the Apostolic Faith
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course THEO 110 taught by Professor Scine during the Fall '07 term at Saint Louis.

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Theology Exam 3 Study Guide - Theological Foundations Exam...

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