1OCEAN-coral reefs

1OCEAN-coral reefs - Coral Reefs Professor Theodore...

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Coral Reefs Professor Theodore Chamberlain Oceanography NRCC 150 Coral reefs can easily be defined as the perfect community. They are unique because not
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only do they sustain the plants, animals, and organisms that live within themselves, but also provide nutrients for the rest of the ocean. Coral reefs may only cover .2% of the ocean floor, yet they are responsible for 25% of the marine life in the entire ocean. Unfortunately, the reefs, along with the marine life that goes with them, are in danger. Reefs play a huge role in the ocean environment. Their responsibilities range from providing protection, shelter, and food to fish and crustaceans to protecting the shore from becoming eroded. The algae that lives within the coral performs photosynthesis, and converts water and carbon dioxide into food. The coral receives most of its energy from the algae’s process so, in turn, the algae is given a safe place to inhabit. Mutualistic symbiosis is a word that describes the way that two organisms’ benefit from living together. Coral reefs are full of Mutualistic symbiosis relationships. All of the living organisms within the reef community labor together to create a productive, working relationship that benefits the whole (Pepps). Coral itself only makes up a small portion of the life within the reef. Reefs are full of life.
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1OCEAN-coral reefs - Coral Reefs Professor Theodore...

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