CONTENT1.Introduction: Research Design2.Nature of Research Design3.Importance of Research Design4.Types of Research Design5.Factors Affecting Selection of Research Design6.Unit of Analysis7.Time Horizon8.The Ethics of Research Design9.References
INTRODUCTIONResearch is a diligent systematic work undertaken to increase knowledge, it involvescollection, investigation & analysis of information with consideration to existing conclusions& regard to discovered facts. The process of research is guided by the research design which outlines the framework ofresearch methods & techniques to be used by the researcher. It gives a broad plan that statesthe objective of research project giving guidelines of what is to be done to achieve theobjectives. Research design guides the researcher to align the suitable methods for the subject matter. Itoutlines how the research will be carried out and the methods that will be used.The research approach determines the relevance of information obtained to ensure theinvestigation is a success. It also serves as a masterplan of executing the projectThe design of the research topic explains the type of research to be undertaken, an answer toyour research question which can take the form of; 1.Exploratory Research- the aim of this research is to explore. This is based on the availableknowledge which may rank as little or none.2.Descriptive Research- this is based on topics which already good information is available, butthe researcher wants to know more and make better prediction with more accuracy &precision in future. 3.Explanatory research- this is mainly considered to be either casual or predictive. Theresearcher will mainly look at the causes and their relationships. The reasoning behind howand why one thing causes another to occur or changePurpose of research design is to outline;The purpose of the study; provide answers to research question The study setting Type of investigation Time horizon and level at which data will be analyzed
NATURE OF RESEARCH DESIGNA Research Designis a general plan of how you will go about answering research questions. It constitutes the decisions regarding; what, when, how much, by what means.It is the arrangement of conditions for collection and analysis of data in a manner that aims tocombine relevance to research purpose with economy in procedure.It constitutes a blueprint for collection, measurement and analysis of data.