InformalFallacies

InformalFallacies - Informal Fallacies Sophists: teach...

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Informal Fallacies Sophists: teach people how to argue successfully in society. Only cared about winning the game, not about truth. Aristotle wrote On Sophistical Refutations, which was a rebuttal to Sophists. Force ( ad baculum ): Not appealing to reason; using pain or pleasure as the force that drives to conclusion rather than logical reasons o Melian Dialogue: In Melos, inhabitants want to stay neutral. Athens: if you don’t ally, we will kill men and enslave women and children. Melians argue that they were violating humanity. Athens says that they have the power so they win. o Inquisition: answering from torture Ad hominem : Attacks author, not reasons; circumstantial, abusive o Citing lack of official credentials o Citing youth, age, bias (if they are in a position where they could be biased, it means that they are biased) Ignorance (ad Ignorantiam) : x has not been proved true, so it must be false; x has not been proved false, so it must be true o Fermat’s last theorem
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InformalFallacies - Informal Fallacies Sophists: teach...

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