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Unformatted text preview: Singular statement: Ed is wise Particular statement: Someone is wise Universal statement: Everyone is wise All Aristotelian statements have subject and predicate term. In all humans are wise, subject is humans and predicate is wise. Quality is to ask if it affirms (affirmative) or denies (negative) Distributed term: all of the members or the class represented by that term are referred to in the statement o All humans are mortal : subject is distributed because it is referring to all humans, mortal is undistributed because not referring to all mortal things Four statement forms: o A: All __ is __. o E: No __ is __. o I: Some __ is __. o O: Some __ is not __. Immediate inference is a one premise argument Mediate premise has more than one premise A and E are contraries, they cant both be true, but could both be false A and O/E and I are contradictory, they always have opposite truth value I and O are subcontraries, they cannot both be false...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHIL 111 taught by Professor Edgar during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Geneseo.
- Spring '08