forest - 28 March 20123 NRC 261 Forest Habitats What is the...

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28 March 20123 NRC 261 Forest Habitats What is the most important wildlife habitat need in Massachusetts’ forests? Balance the different sizes of trees. Early successional habitat and saw cut trees. What we need is a balance to maintain diversity of wildlife and forests More even mix of forest habitat types. Maybe not just forest structure types, but thoughtful comprehensive assessment of benefits in managing forests in different ways… step back and not use single ideas for forest use Forest Distribution- tropical forests, mixed deciduous and coniferous forests, boreal forests… important habitat features History in North America Prior to 1900, forests regarded as inexhaustible… just keep cutting from east coast to west coast. Reached Pacific oceans and concerned citizens started to realize that trees aren’t inexhaustible 1891 - Congress authorized forest reserves Early 1900's- U.S. Department of Agriculture, growing of trees is under agriculture National Forests (enlarge 8x… teddy Roosevelt and Gilford Pinchot) University training—how do we grow and sustainable harvest trees in a more responsible way? 1950's National Forests and recreation- growing use “multiple-use management” Timber, camping hiking skiing, hunting fishing birdwatching Wildlife biologists 1976 - National Forest Management Act—economic and environmental aspects Forest Ownership Southeast- 73% land privately owned land (corporations and private individuals) West- 21% privately owned. Land retained by federal reserves. National forests Massachusetts 65% is forest. Ownership= private. Lots of small individual land owners
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  • Spring '12
  • ToddFuller
  • Massachusetts, Forest, Forest Management, national forests, National Forest Management

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