Chapter 11 Notes - Ch 11 Motivation and Behavior 12:18 PM...

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What is motivation ? A set of factors that activate, direct, and maintain behavior usually toward some goal. Acting towards reaching a goal, a way to active or energize behavior o You are more likely to do something after you start it. Theories and Concepts of Motivation: Biological Theories : o 1. Instinct inborn, unlearned behaviors universal to species explain motivation o 2 . Drive-reduction internal tensions “push” toward satisfying basic needs internal levels (homeostasis) drive you to find the level o 3. Arousal motivation toward optimal level of arousal. Yerkes-Dodson law. People seek optimal level of arousal that maximizes their performance. Psychosocial Theories : o 1. Incentive motivation results from the “push” and “pull” of external environmental stimuli o 2. Cognitive motivation affected by attributions and expectations Biopsychosocial Theory : o 1. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs : interaction of biological psychological and social needs; lower motives (physiological and safety) must be met before higher needs (belonging, self-esteem) know the hierarchy of needs chart! Physiological needs, safety needs, belonging and love needs, esteem needs, self-actualization needs.
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  • Fall '09
  • Marsee
  • Psychology, Arousal, o1. Incentive motivation, o2. Cognitive motivation

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