Morphology - By age 6 average child has vocab of 13k words...

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By age 6, average child has vocab of 13k words Literate people have a mental dictionary that is called an orthography 450,000 words in the dictionary Nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs make up dictionary and called content words (aka open classes) because we continually add new words to these classes Function words: prepositions, conjunctions, determiners, pronouns; call them function words because they serve to define grammatical relationships between words in an utterance (constitute closed class) Feminists tried to point out that the English pronoun system is biased so they tried to make a gender neutral pronoun; none of them stuck so linguists theorized that native speakers are psychologically resistant to new words into a closed system (psychological reality) We all make slips of the tongue (spoonerism) but only switch around content words Function words are constrained in terms of possible expansion New words come into being because of two reasons: innovation and creative
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