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Unformatted text preview: Class Notes 1/30/08 Parliament 19 propositions against Charles Controls all foreign policy Children could not marry or be educated without consent of parliament (not to marry into catholic bloodline or be educated by them or Jesuits) Criticizes his wife personally Charles says no and arrests parliament- starts the English civil war. Absolute forces- Dressed like a cavalier, telling people you are a supporter of the king (predominantly young). New Model Army- Headed by Oliver Cromwell, Member of Parliament and a puritan. Looked greasy and called the roundheads. Distinctive bowl haircuts. Looting was prevalent among European armies however Cromwell says they are armies of god and forbidden from looting. Promotions based upon merit NOT bloodline. New Model Army defeats the Absolute forces and Charles is jailed for two years. Parliament puts Charles on trial for treason. How can Parliament charge Charles for treason? Charles says parliament does not have the sovereignty to trial me for treason. Charles is convicted of treason and beheaded England cannot live like this and want to know what will happen next. Cromwell and the army let parliament and the English people experiment. COMPLETELY DIFFERENT from the rest of Europe Levelers are radical group; all problems are related to one problem, inequality of property, basically want communism. Levelers are lead by John Freelove Lillborne, wanted many wives thought society had too many restrictions Group with most momentum was the Social Democrats and thought the Levelers were too radical. VOTING. Cromwell lets this go on for a very long time 8-9 years. Under new leader Richard England destabilizes. 1660- Parliament decides to restore the king. Limited Monarchy and Charles II is restored and agrees to limited monarchy Puritans believed acting was lying and satan is the ultimate deceiver. Everything is running smoothly until parliament discovers that Charles is signing a treaty and getting paid by France to recatholicize England when the time is right. Charles and Louis trained an army in Northern France. Charles on Louis 14ths payroll. Charles cannot produce any legitimate children but has a lot of illegitimate kids. 2/1/08 James, Charless brother is next in line and is a real problem, devout absolutist and overtly catholic. James has no kids so parliament just waits until he dies, similar to Charles. James has an inner circle with Roman Catholic and Jesuit priests. James fools around with parliamentary elections. Bribes people to vote for certain people into parliament. James and his wife have no children, unable to have children, but one day Mary announces she is pregnant and produces a male son....
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