Condenced Notes-Napoleon Defeat 1815 to Cong of Vienna

Condenced Notes-Napoleon Defeat 1815 to Cong of Vienna -...

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Napoleon Defeated – 1815 - The Congress of Vienna 1. The Destruction of the Great Army a. Napoleon’s army of 600,000 men had taken Moscow in September of 1812, but the Russians continued their scorched earth policy and set the city ablaze. Napoleon occupied a city that had been reduced to a quarter of its former size. The trail of smoke and ash left in the wake of the French army’s advance stretched more than 1,000 miles from Poland to the Kremlin. b. In mid-October, with his army lacking shelter and low on supplies, Napoleon began a retreat that would end in his army’s near total destruction. Only 40,000 men survived the retreat. By August of 1813, an alliance consisting of Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia had formed. c. A British army led by the Duke of Wellington surged across Spain, into the Pyrenees and then north into France itself. Prussian, Austrian and Russian armies advanced steadily towards the French frontiers. Napoleon refused an offer to make peace and accept borders on the Rhine, the Pyrenees and the Alps.
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  • Fall '12
  • Baumann
  • Napoleon, Napoleonic Wars, Louis XVIII of France, Battle of Waterloo

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