CLAS_267_lect_3_2013-1 - CLAS 267/4A Art and Archaeology of...

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CLAS 267/4A Art and Archaeology of Bronze Age Greece Lecture 3 how I spend my summer Early Bronze Age vacations Tues/Thurs 10h15 – 11h30 FBG 070 Dr. G.W. Mallory Harrison TA: Diane Seidler
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Final Neolithic: not much building and settlements settlements are small houses have few rooms with shared walls use of wood, stone, mud brick no overall spatial organization; expanded as necessary few single structures; these tend to be rectangular tools made of stone development of fired pottery clay figurines
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first organized settlements now widespread in Greece appearance of more complex structures rectangular structures continue but with multiple rooms evidence of axial planning in architecture farming begins: olives, grapes, grain use of bronze (copper, tin) for tools (ca. 4000 B.C.) development of wealth: prestige objects (e.g. jewellery) social hierarchy Lerna III: Late EH II (2900 – 2400) House of the  Tiles Reconstruction
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MAINLAND AND PELOPONNESE
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Lerna – Early Bronze Age coastline cores central deposition mound
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Lerna II: Early EH II Building BG Fortifications
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House of the Tiles (Lerna III = late EH II) partially on top of House BG Unusually large: 25 X 12 m Rectangular: entrances on all four sides “Corridor House”: long corridors inside two storeys with staircases Materials: Stone socle; beaten earth floors; mud brick walls Roof of terracotta and schist tiles, angled Walls stuccoed; some with patterned stones Lerna EH II House BG (Lerna II) Function Unknown: Government center Wealthy elite (private) Economic centre/warehouse Change orientation of site Apsidal bldg EHIII; orientation changed again
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Lerna II/early EH II House BG foundations
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Lerna II (early EH II): labrys (double axe) in House BG
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LERNA II/early EH II: Building BG Clay Hearth
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Lerna II/early EH II fortifications
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Lerna III: House of the Tiles: built in late EH II period partially on top of House BG Unusually large: 25 X 12 m Rectangular: entrances on all four sides “Corridor House”: long corridors inside two storeys with staircases Materials: Stone socle; beaten earth floors; mud brick walls Roof of terracotta and schist tiles, angled Walls stuccoed; some with patterned stones Lerna EH II House BG Function Unknown: Government center Wealthy elite (private) Economic centre/warehouse Change orientation of site Apsidal bldg EHIII; orientation changed again
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Lerna III/late EH II: House of the Tiles; corridor house two storeys – staircases on both corridors photo from before protective roof added
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Size: 25 X 12 m Mud brick, stone, wood Lerna III/late EH II: House of the Tiles
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Lerna III/late EH II: House of the Tiles anta
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Lerna III/late EH II: House of the Tiles stucco on walls
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Lerna III/late EH II: House of the Tiles North corridor to NW entrance
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Lerna III/late EH II: House of the Tiles South corridor
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  • Winter '13
  • GeorgeHarrison
  • Minoan civilization, Lerna, Early Minoan Period, Lerna III/late EH, Early Cycladic Period

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