PLCP 3410 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE PART I - PLCP 3410 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Gelvin ch 19-20 Gelvin Chapter 19 The Iranian Revolution Pahlavi Dynasty was

PLCP 3410 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE PART I - PLCP 3410 FINAL...

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PLCP 3410 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Gelvin, ch. 19-20 Gelvin Chapter 19: The Iranian Revolution Pahlavi Dynasty was overthrown by the Revolution [Reza Shah, and his son Muhammad Reza Shah] Reza Shah was forced to abdicate during WW2 by Soviets/British because he leaned towards the Nazis They put Muhammad Reza to power o Limited his power by re-establishing the Majlis as an independent power center [Majlis – lower house of legislature] o Allowed organization of trade unions and political parties o To the dislike of British and US, the Communist party (Tudeh) proved to be the most popular Muhammad Mossadegh takes power in may of 1951, advocating nationalizing oil industry and restricting the Shah’s power o Founded the National Front [coalition of politicians opposed to Shah autocracy] o He was similar to third world leaders of the Nasser generation: modernization and nation building was the emphasis o Supportig seizing Foreign assets o Initially Mossadegh is supported by the traditional middle class (artisans, merchants, ulama, and the like), and modern middle class (Studnets, industrial workers, professionals, and so on) o When the Shah tried to oust Mossadegh many from these groups worked to protest against the Shah, resulting in the Shah’s flight to Rome o Autocratic attempts by Mossadegh (dissolving parliament and getting executive power) frightened the coalition into starting to turn against him, especially the conservative elements of society
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  • Spring '13
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  • The Republic, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Pahlavi dynasty, Islamists

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