HCV - BI214 Disease Report Hepatitis C Info Sheet...

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BI214 Disease Report Hepatitis C – Info Sheet Epidemiology: Hepatitis C (HCV) infects an estimated 4 million people in the United States and averages 35,000 to 185,000 new cases a year (CDC 2005.) Co-infection with HIV is common with an estimated 35% of those in the US testing positive for HIV also carry the Hepatitis C virus (Hagan 2000.) Those with a history of intravenous drug use are most likely to contract HCV, closely followed by those exposed to infectious blood during unsafe sex. 60% of all new HCV cases annually are from injected drug use (CDC 2005.) Since those with HCV usually experience mild to no symptoms, many do not seek treatment. 10,000-20,000 deaths occur each year in the US from HCV, with this number being expected to increase from prior blood transfusions before adequate HCV testing. Infectious organism : Hepatitis-C is a blood borne, viral infection caused by the Hepatitis C virus (HCV). Once infected, HCV finds its way to the liver and starts replication through hepatocytes, which make up 70-80% of the livers cytoplasmic mass. Since these cells specialize in protein synthesis, we can see why they are a good target.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course BI 214 taught by Professor Page during the Fall '07 term at Southern Oregon.

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HCV - BI214 Disease Report Hepatitis C Info Sheet...

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