POLS1300 midterm 2 section 2 answers.docx - 1.Why do...

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1.Why do revolutions happen? Summarize the key points of relative depravation, resource mobilization, political opportunities, rational choice and cultural theories of contention. Revolutions are a form of collective action in which some large-scale, structural change is either attempted or accomplished. With that said, there are many theories that could potentially explain why revolutions occur. First, the strain theory is a social-psychological that relates to relative depravation, which is the state of having or feeling of having less than other members of a reference group including your own group. The theory suggests that big social changes can cause relative depravation to certain groups of people, which could lead to conflict and thus the demand for a revolution would increase. Next, resource mobilization theory thinks that state breakdown creates a political opportunity to start a revolution, and that organizational resources matter as it is considered resources for would-be revolutionaries. Unlike the previous theory, this focuses more on the timing and opportunity for people to revolt, rather than the demand for one. The third theory to explain why revolutions happen, which is the rational choice theory, is about the rationality to participate in a revolution depends on the cost and benefits an individual will get for doing contentious actions. The person is more likely to join a revolution if there are more benefits and less risks. Since it is hard to predict how much you

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