Soci exam study guide

Soci exam study guide - There are more whites living in...

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There are more whites living in poverty then blacks 69% are white in this country 12% are black in this country Chicago is the most segregated city in the United States Blacks want their neighborhoods to be 50% white and 50% black Whites were asked what they thought about a neighborhood that was 50% black and 50% white. 65% they would feel uncomfortable, 53% said they would move and 73% they would not move in 5 measures of segregation : 1. Unevenness - Index of dissimilarity : % of blacks who would have to move so that the racial makeup of every neighborhood would be the same as the racial makeup of the city 2. Isolations - Isolation index : the % of black neighbors that the average black resident has. - 100 = total segregation; 50 = blacks are equally likely to have black and non black neighbors 3. Clustering - are all black neighborhoods in one area and whites in another? - Grid 4. Centralization - Park’s concentric zone theory: usually the central part of an area is the downtown area (central business district) and people don’t usually live there; just business. Around there are the warehouses and outside of that is the zone in transition. Neighborhoods get nicer as you get further from the central business district. 5. Concentration - how crowded are areas Hyper segregation : if city ranks high in 4 out of 5 in the 5 measures of segregation Restrictive covenants : used to say what ethnicity, race, religion could live in that house and area. Racial steering : blacks and whites shown different properties Red lining : a mortgage lenders refusal to make loans to certain areas of the city or make loans on less favorable terms, based on the racial composition of those areas. White flight : whites moving out of neighborhoods because blacks moved in Block busting : realtors see houses to blacks and tell whites on the street that they should sell their house now because a black family bought a house on the same street and in a couple months their property value will go down.
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Home Owners Loan Corporation 1933 : federal government said to banks that they will insure their loans but only if the banks redline. The banks already did this but the HOLC made it more effective. Fair Housing Act 1968
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOCI 241 taught by Professor Clifford during the Winter '06 term at Towson.

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Soci exam study guide - There are more whites living in...

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