Asian Americans and Latinos final psych 250

Asian Americans and Latinos final psych 250 - Angela Garza...

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Angela Garza 5/11/2009 Psych 250 Asian Americans and Latinos have an extensive history of laws and socio-cultural practices of discrimination set against them by white Americans. Although both groups have different experiences, whites have used racism as a tool to vie Asian Americans and Latinos against each other, and force them into an inferior position in society. This is evident through immigration laws, lack of employment opportunities, segregated housing, and education which has continued to have a negative impact on their lives. The Marxist theory implies that that there is a distinct division between classes because of unequal income. As a result of the practices of oppression toward Asian Americans and Latinos, they have been separated from the wealthy, superior white class. This theory in terms of race, allows whites to maintain status and minorities to remain inferior. The first example of discrimination toward Asian Americans and Latinos occurred in the late 19 th century as a result of American immigration laws and policies. Chinese immigration began in 1848 and lasted three decades without government regulation. Most of the workers were recruited for mining and railroad production. The large inflow of Chinese immigrants had whites compose efforts to constrain their social movement and job opportunities. (A&T pg. 195) Regulation came in 1880 when the U.S. and China signed a treaty giving the U.S. the right to limit, but “not absolutely prohibit” Chinese immigration. (Class notes, timeline) Directly after, in 1882, the U.S. congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act suspending the immigration of Chinese laborers to the U.S. for ten years. It prohibited persons of Chinese ancestry, residing in the U.S., from obtaining U.S. citizenship after the effective date of the act. A second act that became effective shortly after, in 1888, was the Scott Act that rendered 20,000 Chinese re-entry certificates null and void. (Timeline) At the turn of the century, the Chinese opened the 1
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Angela Garza 5/11/2009 Psych 250 door for Japanese immigrants to arrive in America. They were quickly accused of taking jobs away from U.S. citizens. The U.S. tried to avoid immigration legislation against Japanese by reaching an agreement with Japan called “The Gentleman’s Agreement of 1907.” Japan agreed not to issue passports to skilled or unskilled workers except for those already in the U.S. (A&T pg. 195) President Theodore Roosevelt took further action in signing Executive Order 589 prohibiting Japanese with passports for Hawaii, Mexico, or Canada to re-emigrate to the U.S. (Class notes, timeline) Eventually, the Immigration Act of 1917 was enacted in order to stop Japanese immigration as well as immigration from all other Asian countries. The act prevented admission of any person not from U.S. possessed islands from entering the country (A&T pgs.195, 196) Following the Immigration Act in 1922, the federal court case U.S. vs. Jakao Ozawa declared Japanese not eligible for naturalized citizenship. Next, the National Origins Act of 1924
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 250 taught by Professor Barrett during the Spring '06 term at University of Washington.

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Asian Americans and Latinos final psych 250 - Angela Garza...

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