Arts, Letters, Text in Rome

Arts, Letters, Text in Rome - Arts, Letters, Texts in...

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Arts, Letters, Texts in Imperial Rome 3 Periods in Roman History 753-509 BC MONARCHY o Monarchy – ruled by 7 kings o 1 st king is Romulus o 7 th King is Tarquin the Proud. 509 – 227 BC REPUBLIC o Ruled by SPQR – senate and the people 227BC -476 AD EMPIRE o Ruled by Emperor o 1 st King is Augustus o Last King is Romulus Augustus. Rome is founded April 21 st Rome falls in 476 Constantinople falls in 1453 AD founded in 330 AD Constantinople splits from Eastern Rome in 390 AD. Romans trace their history to Aeneas in 1200. (War between Greece and Troy). Aeneas was a Trojan. o His son, Ascanius/Lulus founded Alba Longa o Later, Romulus and Remus left Alba Longa to found Rome. In the 6 th century BC Rome became powerful. Part of a Etruscan empire of 7 cities. Very sophisticated. In 509 Rome kicked out the Etruscan King. Between 509 and 201, Rome expanded across the Italian Peninsula. Five provinces. 338-265 gains control of large parts of Italy Roman success was attributed to political astuteness.
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Romans gave conquered people benefits o Citizenship, alliances, etc. However, Rome had to contend with internal strife between the classes. Patricians are the old aristocracy Plebeian is the rest of Rome. o Many Plebeians became powerful and wealthy. o 451 Plebeians made the official code of law. o Ability to stand for most important office. o Right to form own Plebeian consul. o Right to make their own laws. Through pressure, Plebeians extracted concessions from the upper class. As a result, the law of Rome is a mess. 390 BC Gaul came and sacked Rome. Later they beat the Gauls and rebuilt Rome. By 265, Rome was a major power in the Mediteranean. Carthage controlled N Africa, Sicily, etc. Greece and Macedonia Syria Egypt. 264 – 201 Rome waged wars against Carthage. First Punic War o 264-241 BC. o Rome wins and fine carthage and takes over some land. Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily. Second Punic War. o 218-201 o Loses massive amounts of soldiers. o Rome boxed themselves in until Hannibal died. o Scipio beat hannibal in 202.
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o Scipio became Scipio Africanus o Left Carthage standing again. Got Spain from this war. o By 201, Rome is the only major power in Europe. Marie Nostrom – Our Sea. 201 BC. Carthage was still a major power on Northern Seaboard. Scipio returned to Rome. Rome was now the most important power in the Mediteranean. o 5 Provinces. 2 in Spain Corsica Sicily Major influence over Northern Africa. Rome was still rather primitive however. Haphazard buildings around forum. Forum was the center of Rome. 300 thousand in Rome in 201. Total population of the empire was 4 million and 600,000 slaves. Rome would expand massively.
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Arts, Letters, Text in Rome - Arts, Letters, Texts in...

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