Week 3 IR Theories and Global Governance - Pol343y1 Lecture 3 Ir theories and global governance Q liberalism l\/A 17th century Grotian tradition

Week 3 IR Theories and Global Governance - Pol343y1 Lecture...

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Pol343y1 Lecture 3: Ir theories and global governance Q : liberalism l/A: 17 th century: Grotian tradition: legalistic tradition (rejects the notion of Law of nature and the supremacy of states, Assumed states were rational and law abiding) 18 enlightenment (greek ideas, rational humans capable of improving through better institutions, perpetual peace: Democracy don’t war with each other) 19 political and economic liberalism (industrial and scientific revolutions promoting trade, increase cost of war with increased trade) 20 th Wilsonian Idealism (nations need imports as a such warring out of their interest, prevent war through self determination and elimination of power politics) allure of league of nations as a criticism of Liberalism ethics, morals,elections, power dynamics, shape principals r2p: China shifting perspective cooperation will increase: increased number of interactions in the international system. As such they consent to common norms and interests not power mutual interest increases cooperation (spread of democratic values) Faith in the power of Institutions (IL as main basis of maintaining order) Neoliberalism: post 1970 increased interdependence and vulnerability (resulting in sensitivity to other states actions) One states actions affecting the world community. Anarchy constrains a states willingness to coop (like realism) institutions used to help overcome coop issues conceives anarchy as a prisoner's dilemma Institutions should spread information, encourage cooperation and negotiation between states By institutions doing these things (in addition to monitoring and administering punishment) they can strength state expectations from each other and by extension the upholding of commitments co-op in their interest (Game theory) Functionalism governments rise out of the functional needs of peoples and states economic deprivation and inequality as the motivation behind war focus on state cooperation
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believe in bind state by common interests believe in building habits of coop in non economic sphere experts will lose sense of nationalism, binding to like minded individuals Pragmatic Organization designed to serve specific functions states relinquishing sovereignty to achieve specific aims cooperation in non-political issues leads to cooperation in other areas (spill) international telegraph union Neo-functionalism (Ernst Haas): based on the increased interdependence of the 1970s doesn't state that there an automatic spillover Criticisms of liberalism Anarchy cannot be displace since states may turn on each other at anay moment non parsimonious: to generous a conception humans are inherently bad theory created to justify US decisions) C:
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