Week 8 & 9- Nonstate actors and Human rights - POL 343Y1 Lecture 8 Non-State Actors Q Non-State actors l\/A exponential increase since

Week 8 & 9- Nonstate actors and Human rights - POL...

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POL 343Y1 Lecture # 8: Non-State Actors Q : Non-State actors l/A: exponential increase since 70s (Post-ww2) however in a uneven manner. Human rights issues with the most substantial growth have been present for over 200 years (anti slavery campaign in 19 th century as 1 st NGO) Bangladesh: 20k NGOs filling gaps where government failed (market failure) results in decrease in the poverty rate C: post ww2 proliferation due to (globalization, increased multilateralism, Post CW: democratic norms) Q : Non-state actors in action l/A: they can Influence global agendas expansion of agenda of global governance : Land mine treaty (100 of NGOs using a number of tools to convey the danger of landmines) limit the agenda of global governance: Regulation of investment through MAI (draft cancelled partly by lobbyist) They can help manage problems stemming from globalization change state and igo behaviour shift structures of IOs direct action They can also undermine government pirates, criminal organizations they are increasingly decentralization and malleability to conditions use new technology C: are the effective in global governance? What role do they play? Under what condtions? NSA in relation to other actors in GG
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Q : Types of NSA l/A: NGOs as the most common types voluntary inclined towards the common good Transnational networks and coalitions (TANs) experts and epistemic communities MNCS social movements multi-stakeholder actors C: they are grey areas between the types Should NGOs provide development assistance Q : NGOs l/A: NGOs as the most common types voluntary inclined towards the common good members share a common purpose NGOs want autonomy but subject to the laws of nation-state (suppression, autonomy issues- Jordan, Russia, Japan financial and legal constraints on NGOs until 1990s) bangladesh vibrant ngos community no legal personality in international law do the mafia etc also comprise ngos? Types: GONGOs (russian democracy group); GRINGO(government regulated); BINGO(business); AGO(anti); DONGO (donor organized) Typology: different issues areas levels of funding(primarily private),
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some provide temporary relief, others developmental assistance, ideally they provide indiscriminate aid as like the ICRC headquarters probably doesn’t matter that much (readings) UN organizations are biased with regards to aid and the instances in which they intervene.Increasing death toll.
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  • Fall '11
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  • human rights issues, vibrant ngos community

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