Week 14:15 Armed Conflict Response - Week 14\/15 Armed conflict response Q collective security E failed in case of League of Nations UN's collective

Week 14:15 Armed Conflict Response - Week 14/15 Armed...

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Week 14/15: Armed conflict response Q: collective security E: failed in case of League of Nations UN's collective security org is limited by veto powers Chapter 7 invoked during: korea (1950 north korea invades south and USSR absences allows for intervention) south Rhodesia (token presence) post: ira 1990 gulf war (12 resolutions chapter 7 invoked authorizing all necessary means for restoring peace in the region) now: bosnia (192 failure of peacekeeping of UNPRFOR stronger measures under chapter 7 were used to deliver aid to cities, no fly zone, de-weaponization, sanctions air strikes- expanded mandate) Kosovo: air strikes without prior authorization of UNSC (1368: confirming us right to self-defence) 2003: Nato controls isaf under operation endurign freedom, which extend beyond peacekeeping Haiti: N. iraq east timor sierra leone Rwanda Anti-piracy enforcement Article 53: regional delegation sanctions: key enforcement mechanism after CW un sanction used only twice before 1980 arab league sanction israel around 22 1990=2009 multilateral by IOs Iraq sanctions: oil sales oil for food program used to pay for supplies Oil for food: Iraq sanctions lead to humanitarian crisis calling for an end to sanctions 2003 sanctions lifted after invasion large scale negative humanitarian effect (yugoslavia) no economic detriment to despots leading sanction states interstate conflict sanctions against non states useless Targeted sanctions frozen funds arm sanctions aviation sanctions (barring flights) commodities sanctions
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Monitoring UNSC est expert panels for shaming states un monitoring improve FATF (action task force) g7 money laundering initiative Angloa: sanction ineffective panel devised to identify leaks, targeted diamonds and air traffic but conflict end in spite of/not because of sanction (a leader died) US Unilateral sanction against states sponsoring terrorism C: 1 st first un-nato cooperation in Bosnia
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  • Fall '11
  • VeraAchvarina
  • United Nations , Cold War, interstate conflict sanctions, cold war peacekeeping, war peacekeeping horizons

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