HIS 315K Exam II Notes - A.M.D.G HIS 315K The United States 1492-1865 Exam II Notes(March 26th 2012 to May 14th 2012 March 26th 2012 Thomas Jeffersons

HIS 315K Exam II Notes - A.M.D.G HIS 315K The United States...

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A.M.D.G. HIS 315K – The United States, 1492-1865 Exam II Notes (March 26 th , 2012 to May 14 th , 2012) March 26 th , 2012 Thomas Jefferson’s America The Conservative’s Conservative The Prefaces of Jefferson’s Presidency - There is a peaceful transfer of power from the Federalists to the Republicans - The Federalists are fearful that Jefferson, a Republican, will undo some of the progress they have made with George Washington (1789-1797) and John Adams (1797-1801) - The Republicans are excited to have one of theirs in office - What actually happens: o Federalists will breathe a sigh of relief o Republicans will not be satisfied o Jefferson is moderate Opening Moves by Jefferson - In his inaugural address, Jefferson states: “We are all republicans, we are all federalists.” - Partisanship calms down - The government is riddled with Federalists as a result of the first twelve years of the United States being under Federalist presidents - Jefferson doesn’t just come in and fire all the Federalists though o He keeps the good ones and fires the bad ones o He doesn’t want to create a spoils system Whoever is in power doesn’t just decide who is in charge - Jefferson is the first of three consecutive Virginia Republicans elected president (followed by James Madison and James Monroe) What Jefferson Wants - He wants to reduce the size of the federal government o Jefferson: “Look, the United States, overall, should be an agrarian society made mostly of independent farmers.” - He believes deficit spending is healthy and wants to reduce the debt o Jefferson: “Look, the deficit promotes investment in the government from our wealthy citizens and it allows our government to get behind and support our economy.” - He wants to cut taxes and eliminates many taxes, including the Whiskey Tax o The only major sources of revenue for the federal government under Jefferson are from the sale of Western land and taxes on imports - He cuts the armed forces - He cuts the debt - He believes standing armies are dangerous and supports citizen militias as virtuous - He brings a new style to the presidency o Cuts down on the pomp associated with the presidency
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