1STSC 110 Final PaperMark Adams/Nadia BernsteinDue: April 20, 2012 The Technological SupermanBetween 1883 and 1885, Friederich Nietzsche released his work Also Sprach Zarathustra, the title name’s meaning golden camel/light (depending on the translation).1In either case, Zarathustra’s meaning symbolizes that of a leader in the path to progress. Appropriately enough, one of the main philosophical ideas explored in this work embodies just that- the übermensch. In English this word translates as “over-man”, but is accepted commonly as “the superman”. Nietzsche claims that man is “the chasm between animal and superman” and that “What is great in man is that he is a bridge and not a goal.”2The superman is therefore a state of being that we wish to become, to transcend our own humanity through evolution into the highest form of self- the all-powerful, self-autonomous individual. The superman works by “reentering the world through other people’s minds and affect their thoughts and values.”3He is willing to risk all for the sake of enhancement of humanity and beyond morality, his own values, independent of others, which affects and dominates others’ lives.4This concept can be further illuminated through synthesis with the ideas of Henri Bergson and Teilhard de Chardin. In Bergson’s Creative Evolution, the authorintroduces concepts like Emergent evolution (as evolution progress new qualities and possibilities emerge), intuition, and Elan Vital (the creative force comprised of pure energy and thought which he equates with the soul.5This drives people’s impulse to create, and explains why evolution happens when considered with 1 "Nietzsche's idea of an overman and life from his point of view." Standford.edu. Stanford University, n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <;.2Nietzsche, Friedrich. Also Spake Zarathustra. New York: E. Stolger & Co., 1883. Project Gutenberg. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <1998/1998.txt>.3"Nietzsche's idea of an overman and life from his point of view." Standford.edu. Stanford University, n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <;.4 Nietzsche, Friedrich. Also Spake Zarathustra. New York: E. Stolger & Co., 1883. Project Gutenberg. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <1998/1998.txt>.5 Bergson, Henri. Creative Evolution . Los Angeles: Indo-European Publications , 2010. Print.
2Chardin’s ideas. In The Phenomenon of Man, Chardin theorizes that evolution is a linear-directional, purpose-driven process (orthogenesis), and the idea of the third development phase of the earth, the noosphere (the sphere of human thought) that emerges with the rise of the interaction of human minds (an example of an emergent evolutionary entity). He further claims as part of his Laws of Consciousness, that this noosphere is the part of the driving force (the elan vital) evolving toward an Omega point- where the spiritual and material converge to form a superconsciousness. Teilhard