APK 2100C Exam 1 Review.docx - APK 2100C Exam 1 Review 1...

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APK 2100C Exam 1 Review 1. Someone studying anatomy using the systemic approach could study ______. a. All the digestive organs i. Organs of any individual system could be studied in the systemic approach 2. Which of the following is t rue regarding the anatomical position? a. Directional terminology refers to the body in this position 3. The word ______ always refers to the part of the serosa that lines a body cavity. a. Parietal 4. Vertebral cavity- spinal cord; ventral body cavity- composed of thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities; abdominal cavity- digestive viscera and kidneys; pelvic cavity- bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum; mediastinum- heart, esophagus, and trachea; pleural cavity- lung 5. A cross section is the same as a _____ a. Transverse plane 6. The area of the lower limb that refers to the posterior side of the knee is the _____ region. a. Popliteal 7. Bones lie _____ to the muscles. a. Deep 8. Which set of orientation and directional terms is NOT correctly matched with its opposite? a. Distal: superior i. Distal and superior are not anatomical opposites 9. What is the purpose of the serous fluid that is located between visceral and parietal serosa? a. It allows organs to slide with little friction against each other and against the cavity walls 10. All of the following terms EXCEPT ____ refers to regions of the upper limb. a. Crural i. The crural region refers to the areas of the leg 11. The right nostril and right ear are _____ a. Ipsilateral
12. If you wanted to see a section through both lungs at the same time, you could make a cut in the ______ or the ______ plane. a. Coronal; transverse i. A transverse section would reveal cross sections through the lungs, whereas a coronal section would reveal longitudinal sections of the lungs 13. A dorsal body cavity _____ a. Encloses the brain and spinal cord 14. Identify the membranes that line the cavity surrounding the lungs a. Parietal and visceral pleura 15. Which structure separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity?

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