Since the end of the Cold War, Chechnya has remained in a constant state of
peacelessness because of relentless bloodshed caused by conflict with Russia.
fall of the USSR, Chechnya, under General Dudayev, tried to become an independent
country, however they were unable to persuade any other countries to recognize them as
a legitimate nation.
In December 1994, Russia under President Boris Yeltsin launched a
full-scale invasion in order to prevent Chechnya from becoming an independent nation.
A cease-fire agreement was finally signed in 1996, however both sides continued to fight
and by mid-1996 almost 40,000 had been killed, including a large number of civilians
(Anatol, pg. 43).
The constant conflict in the region forced hundreds of thousands to seek
refuge in Russia.
Although Russian and Chechen leaders have, on several occasions,
agreed to peace settlements, fighting has continued to tear the region apart.
In 1999, the
second Chechen war broke out when Islamic guerrillas began to occupy several villages,
claiming the territory for a separate Islamic territory (Kramer, pg. 209).
Chechnya is now
a region devastated by the continuity of conflict, and the never-ending bloodshed.
purpose of the research at hand is to recognize and analyze all aspects of peacelessness in
a nation that has never known tranquility.
This will be accomplished by first identifying
all aspects of violence within the region, including both direct and structural conflicts.
Secondly, it is imperative that we recognize the values that are at stake in the region.
Finally, it is essential to imagine what peace would be perceived as in Chechnya, and
what tools will be needed to finally bring the long-awaited harmony to the region.
Over the years, Chechnya has faced several factors of violence, both direct and
One severe problem preventing peace in the region is the on-going civil war