civ 1 - Jade Martin Dr. Bendler 9/28/06 World Civilizations...

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Jade Martin 9/28/06 Dr. Bendler World Civilizations Egypt: Religious Culture and the Afterlife Early Egyptian civilization was considered to be the second greatest river-valley center. Some of the earliest kingdoms started developing around 3000 B.C. and continued on from there. Frequent contact was made with Mesopotamia, particularly for trade, but periodically would engage in wars of defense or conquest. However, there was also some cultural interaction. Egyptian religion and art surfaced along very distinctive lines. One major area of religion was focused on the gods. Strong emphasis was placed on their power and what they were able to do. One of the more powerful gods was the god of the sun, Re. A hymn to the sun god is written in the book of the dead, and he is worshipped when he rises in the eastern horizon of the sky. Another important god is Osiris, the god of eternity. Osiris had power over the passage after death. Like Re, he also has a hymn in the book of the dead. Among the gods who were of divine status is the pharaoh. The
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civ 1 - Jade Martin Dr. Bendler 9/28/06 World Civilizations...

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