W2 Pre Modern East Asia - Pre-Modern East Asia Lecture...

This preview shows page 1 - 9 out of 19 pages.

Pre-Modern East Asia Lecture 2 (Week 2) 16 August 2011
A. Introduction (commonalities & differences) B. Dynasties in East Asia 1) The Ming & Qing Dynasties in China 2) Tokugawa Japan (1603-1868) 3) Korean Dynasty 2 C. Conclusion
3 Restoration of Chinese World Order End of the Mongol Empire Zhu Yuanzhang Centralized power Nanjing → Beijing (1421) Cultural Power > Military Power The Founding of the Ming: Han Chinese (1368-1644)
Two Pillars of C. civilization Civil Service Exam Confucianism Social Order 1. Literati (non-hereditary) 2. Farmers 3. Artisans 4. Merchants 4
Great Wall and Northern Nomads Why China obsessed with Continental neighbors? Little interest in maritime adventure One exception ( Zheng He ) Nomadic threats (Beijing 1421) Contrast to what happened to the West (we will discuss later) 5
6
The Qing Empire (1644-1911) The Manchu Northeastern China Qing (1636) Invaded China (1644) 7
“The Mandate of Heaven” Ruler’s moral duty → legitimacy Assured Han elite’s privilege and social status 8

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture