week10-Part1-Handout - Southeast Asia Revolutions and...

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Southeast Asia: Revolutions and EmergenciesDr. Portia L. ReyesIntroductionA. Nationalism: 1. Romantic Nationalism; 2. Civic NationalismB. SEA: Anti-colonialism as NationalismC. Post WWII: Nascent world orderI. Paths towards political independenceA. Violent Path: Independence thru a Revolution1. Indonesia, 1949-PETA -Hatta and Sukarno -The (pemuda) movement: peaceful (diplomasi) or the violent (perdjuangan) way-1947 and '48 Dutch sent police (military) actions-PKI; The Madiun Affair-Darul Islam -The Military, the State and the Revolution2. Vietnam, 1975-Indochina Wars (1946-75)-1954 French surrender-Geneva Accord: 17thParallel-1975 American withdrawalB. Diplomatic Path: Negotiated Independence1. The Philippines, 1946-The Jones Law, 1916: the promise of independence-The Philippine Commonwealth, 1935-‘Independence’ of 19462. Malaysia, 1957-Malay Nationalism (pre-war):a) Islamic-educated religious-renewal movement; b) Malay-educated, radical intelligentsia; and c) English-educated bureaucracy-1945: Brits returned

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