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Phil 301 Aristotle Notes

Phil 301 Aristotle Notes - WORKS OF ARISTOTLE We are...

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WORKS OF ARISTOTLE We are reckoned to possess only about a third of Aristotle’s works. This is to be contrasted with Plato, for whom we possess all works. Nonetheless, Aristotle’s corpus is large and covers a wide range of philosophical and scientific topics: logic, physics, astronomy, biology, metaphysics, ethics, politics, and literary criticism. Another important difference with Plato is that Aristotle’s surviving works were not written in a polished form meant for publication but apparently derive from discussions held in his school, the Lyceum. Our present edition of Aristotle, with its separate works divided into books and chapters, descends from an attempt some two centuries after his death to organize his corpus. Aristotle’s works therefore are notoriously difficult, for they are technical treatises and full of textual problems. Aristotle’s works are cited by an abbreviation of the title, often taken from the Latin designation of the work, together with the page, column and line number of the first critical edition of the Greek text by Immanuel Bekker in 1831. ( Aristotelis Opera , ed. I. Bekker, Berlin: Reimer, 1831–70, 5 vols.) Hence, these citations are called ‘Bekker numbers’ and function as a standard reference in a manner similar to the Stephanus numbers for the works of Plato. Bekker divided the Greek text into two columns, a and b, of 35 lines. Thus, Metaph . (1036b15-19) refers to the Metaphysics , page 1036, column b, lines 15-19 of the Bekker edition. All editions and translations carry the Bekker numbers in the margins. Logical Works (traditionally known collectively as the Organon i.e., instrument of philosophy): Categories On Interpretation (usually referred to by either its Latin title, De interpretatione, or Greek title, Perihermeneias ) Prior Analytics Posterior Analytics On Sophistical Refutations Topics Physical Works: Physics On Generation and Corruption On the Heavens (usually referred to by the Latin title De caelo ) Meteorology Biological Works: On the Progression of Animals The History of Animals On the Motion of Animals On the Parts of Animals Psychological Works : (i.e., psychological in the sense of having to do with the soul) On the Soul (referred to by its Latin name, De anima ) Minor Physical Treatises (in Latin Parva naturalia ): On Sense and the Sensible On Memory and Reminiscence On Sleep On Dreams On Divinatione in Sleep On Longevity and Shortness of Life On Youth , Old Age , Life , and Death On Breathing
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Metaphysics: Metaphysics Ethical Works: Nicomachean Ethics Eudemian Ethics Political Works: The Athenian Constitution Politics Literary Criticism: Poetics Rhetoric TRANSLATIONS OF ARISTOTLE Owing to their difficulty, translations of Aristotle’s works abound. Two are noteworthy. The first is the ‘Oxford translation’ in 12 volumes.
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Phil 301 Aristotle Notes - WORKS OF ARISTOTLE We are...

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