PHIL 301 Medieval Notes

PHIL 301 Medieval Notes - PHIL 301 REVISED SYLLABUS Nov 16...

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PHIL 301 REVISED SYLLABUS Nov 16 Aristotle Ethics X; Intro to Medieval Nov 18, 21 Augustine, On Free Choice II Hyman-Walsh, 33-68 Nov 23, 28 Anselm, Proslogion 1-4 Hyman-Walsh, 149-51 Nov 30; Dec 2, 5, 7 Aquinas, ST I q.2 aa.1-3 (existence of God); q.46 aa. 1, 2 (creation) Hyman-Walsh, 523-27; 537-41 OUTLINE OF MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY Augustine (d. 354-430) Boethius (d. 480-525) John Scottus Eriugena (800-877) Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109) Peter Abelard (1079-1142) Twelfth Century Schools Recovery of Aristotle and Rise of Universities Thirteenth Century Albert the Great (1200-1280) Bonaventure (1217-1274) Aquinas (1225-1274) Later Thirteenth and Fourteenth Century John Duns Scotus (1266-1308) William of Ockham (1287-1347/48)
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AUGUSTINE 1. The Life and Conversion of Augustine 1.1. The Confessions 1.2. The Search for Wisdom 1.3. Rejection of Scripture 1.4. The Manichees 1.5. The Skeptics 1.6. Ambrose and Epistles of Paul 1.7. Christian Wisdom 2. The Role of Faith and Authority 2.1. “Unless you believe you shall not understand” 2.2. “Faith Seeks Understanding” 3. The Evil and the Will 3.1. The Manichee Solution 3.2. Evil Found in Wrong Desire and Caused by ‘Free Choice of the Will” 4. Divine Illumination 5. Proof for the Existence of God AUGUSTINE - LIFE AND INTELLECTUAL FORMATION UP TO WRITING ON FREE CHOICE 354 Born of pagan father Patricius and Christian mother St. Monica who prayer for his conversion. Was not baptized as a youth but was enrolled as a catechumen ( Conf . 1.11) and reared a Christian ( Conf . 3.4) 371 Sent to Carthage to study. Such education would consist in rhetoric, grammar, and Greek, which Augustine neglected. He would be the only philosopher of late antiquity not to know Greek ( Conf . 1.13). 372 At Carthage took a mistress, who is never named. He becomes emersed in the life of the theatre, joins the eversores , the ‘overturners’. Has a son, Adoedatus, by his mistress. Adeodatus is the interlocutor in De magistro and dies probably in 390. ( Conf . 3.1). 373 Augustine’s first conversion. Reads Cicero’s lost work Hortensius , an exhortation to philosophy based upon Aristotle’s lost Proptrepticus ( Conf . 3.4). The Hortensius filled Augustine with the desire to attain wisdom. This took him initially to the Bible and then to Manichaeism. Bible: The search for wisdom took Augustine first to scriptures. Augustine abandons these as naive and crude in expression compared to the eloquence and sophistication of Cicero ( Conf . 3.5). Manichaeism: Then Augustine turned to Manichaeism, a heretical and feared sect to which he would adhere for nine years until 382 when Faustus came to Carthage. In 375 when Augustine returned to Tagaste to teach for a while, Monica would not let him into the house ( Conf . 3.11). Manichaeism was the most successful of the gnostic sects; it was founded by Mani in Persia
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHIL 30301 taught by Professor Fredosso during the Spring '08 term at Notre Dame.

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PHIL 301 Medieval Notes - PHIL 301 REVISED SYLLABUS Nov 16...

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