Fugitive Slave ActTheFugitive Slave LaworFugitive Slave Actwas passed by the United States Congress on September 18, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southernslave-holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers. ... Abolitionists nicknamed it the "Bloodhound Law" for the dogs that were used to track down runawayslaves.
The Debate over SlaveryAntislavery literature and the annexation of new lands intensified the debate over slavery.•The addition of new land, through slaughter and removal of Native Americans in the West, renewed clashes over the expansion of slavery into the new areas. •The Compromise of 1850 attempted to resolve the clashes over slavery.•The Fugitive Slave Act caused more disagreements.•Abolitionists produced antislavery literature to promote opposition to the expansion of slavery and were hated throughout the South.
The addition of new land in the West renewed disputes over the expansion of slavery.Additional land gained after Mexican-American War of 1846 caused bitter slavery dispute. Sam Houston and Andrew Jackson had longed to created a vast slave empire.Missouri Compromise of 1820 prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30’(see map)President Polk, a slave owner, wanted to increase the line to the West Coast, dividing Mexican lands captured into free and enslaved partsSome leaders wanted popular sovereignty to decide, the idea that political power belongs to the people, but only white people, to decide on banning or allowing slavery.