We_the_people__an_introduction_to_american_politics_11th_essentials_edition (1).pdf

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We the People AN INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN POLITICS E L E V E N T H E S S E N T I A L S E D I T I O N
THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 2016 Hillary Clinton (Democrat) margin of victory Total electoral votes: 232 Donald Trump (Republican) margin of victory Total electoral votes: 306 <5% 5–10% >10% <5% 5–10% >10% Alaska (3) Hawaii (4) Washington (12) Oregon (7) California (55) Nevada (6) Utah (6) New Mexico (5) Texas (38) Kan (6 Nebraska (5) Wyoming (3) Colorado (9) Arizona (11) South Dakota (3) North Dakota (3) Montana (3) Idaho (4) O NOTE: As of December 1, 2016, the Democrats were pursuing recounts in Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.
nsas 6) Mississippi (6) Alabama (9) a Iowa (6) Wisconsin (10) Minnesota (10) Illinois (20) a Kentucky (8) Indiana (11) Michigan (16) Tennessee (11) Virginia (13) Florida (29) Maine (3 votes to Clinton, 1 vote to Trump) New York (29) West Virginia (5) Louisiana (8) Arkansas (6) Missouri (10) South Carolina (9) Georgia (16) North Carolina (15) Pennsylvania (20) Ohio (18) Oklahoma (7) Maryland (10) District of Columbia (3) Delaware (3) New Jersey (14) Vermont (3) Rhode Island (4) Connecticut (7) Massachusetts (11) New Hampshire (4)
We the People AN INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN POLITICS B W. W. NORTON & COMPANY NEW YORK LONDON Benjamin Ginsberg THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY Theodore J. Lowi CORNELL UNIVERSITY Margaret Weir BROWN UNIVERSITY Caroline J. Tolbert UNIVERSITY OF LOWA Robert J. Spitzer SUNY CORTLAND E L E V E N T H E S S E N T I A L S E D I T I O N
To Teresa Spitzer Sandy, Cindy, and Alex Ginsberg Angele, Anna, and Jason Lowi Nicholas Ziegler David, Jackie, Eveline, and Ed Dowling
Preface xxi Acknowledgments xxiii PART I Foundations 1 l Introduction: The Citizen and Government 2 Government Affects Our Lives Every Day 5 Trust in Government Has Declined 7 Political Efficacy Means People Can Make a Difference 7 Citizenship Is Based on Political Knowledge and Participation 8 “Digital Citizenship” Is the Newest Way to Participate 9 Government Is Made Up of the Institutions and Procedures by Which People Are Ruled 9 Different Forms of Government Are Defined by Power and Freedom 9 Limits on Governments Encouraged Freedom 10 Expansion of Participation in America Changed the Political Balance 11 The Goal of Politics Is Having a Say in What Happens 11 The Identity of Americans Has Changed over Time 12 Immigration and Increasing Ethnic Diversity Have Long Caused Intense Debate 13 Today the Country Still Confronts the Question “Who Are Americans?” 14 l AMERICA SIDE BY SIDE Global Diversity 17 America Is Built on the Ideas of Liberty, Equality, and Democracy 19 Liberty Means Freedom 19 Equality Means Treating People Fairly 20 Democracy Means That What the People Want Matters 21 American Political Values and Your Future 21 contents ix
l WHO PARTICIPATES? Who Participated in the 2012 Presidential Election? 23 Key Terms 26 For Further Reading 27 2 l The Founding and the Constitution 28 The First Founding: Ideals, Interests, and Conflicts 31 Narrow Interests and Political Conflicts Shaped the First Founding 31 British Taxes Hurt Colonial Economic Interests 32 Political Strife Radicalized the Colonists 33

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