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Lec 34 Warfare - Warfare Lecture 34 April 29 2013 ANP 200...

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4/29/13’ 1’ Warfare ’ ’ Lecture’34,’April’29’2013’ ANP’200’ Warfare is a form of cooperation
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4/29/13’ 2’
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4/29/13’ 3’ Warfare is widespread in acephalous societies Jivaro’ Yanomamo’( Shamatari)’ Mae’ Enga’ Dugum’ Dani’ Murngin’ Yanomamo’( Namowei)’ Huli’ Gebusi’ US’and’Europe’20 th ’C.’ 0.00’ 20.00’ 40.00’ 60.00’ Male’Deaths’(%)’ Keeley’1996’
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4/29/13’ 4’ Turkana
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4/29/13’ 5’
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4/29/13’ 6’
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4/29/13’ 7’ The Turkana mobilize for cattle raids against neighboring pastoral groups Turkana’Warriors:’1910’
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4/29/13’ 8’ Raiding in Turkana society Ofense :’stealth’&’force’raids’ DeFense :’patrols,’ reinforcement,’homestead’ defense’ Informal’mobiliza]on’ No’formal’command’structure’ No’joint’training’ watering’wells’ pastures’ migra]on’ se_lement’
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4/29/13’ 9’ Warfare is a signiFcant cause of male mortality middle childhood up to puberty puberty up to reproductive reproductive 0 5 10 15 20 Raids Other Percent dying 1’SE’ n=335’ n=174’ ’ n=213’ 40% of adult men have sustained bullet wounds
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4/29/13’ 10’ percent of combatants killed per raid Stealth Raids All Force Raids Combat Force Raids 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 A warrior has a 1.1% chance of dying per raid n=41’ n=47’ n=34’ 1’SE’ cows gained per capita per raid Force Raids Stealth Raids 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 l Large raids generate higher per-capita gains 1’SE’ n’=34’ n=53’
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4/29/13’ 11’ Gains from raiding territory’ livestock private There are economies of scale in the beneFts from raiding 95%’CI’ n’=34’ n=47’
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4/29/13’ 12’ no. of individuals in the raiding party frequency of raids 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Raiding parFes are large mean’=’315’ median’=’248’ ParFcipants in a raid are not day-to-day interactants mean’=’4’ n=29’ mean’=’5’ n=40’ mean’=’3’ n=41’
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4/29/13’ 13’ “2’were’fearing,’they’were’ ngingoletom…they’were’not’ shoo5ng,’they’were’running’away,’they’were’from’my’ wing’these’2’men….”’
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