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Unformatted text preview: 1-30-08Durkheim Mauss Levi-StraussDurkheim There is such thing as meaning/value-He was unable to categorize from where these thought patterns came from-Was interested in the failure of the individual-Mental categories, spiritual/non-spiritual beliefs-There must be some classification within the individual-Do individuals create society or does society create everything that is in us?Mauss-Main mechanism for social solidarity; gift exchange reciprocity (giving and receiving)-Gift-giving and receiving are fundamental-Reciprocity involves complex moral and social obligation-Gifts portray all threads of the social fabric-In place of consciousness, people should focus on rules / structures that have been embedded in society-Mauss gave the phrase total social fact-Like Durkheim, Mauss said that social systems could not be explained by individual societies.-A lot of what is collected, accumulated, and given away, is actually of very little value....
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- Spring '08
- Cultural Anthropology