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Study GuideModule 1 – Acid-Base Balance1.What is an acid?A base?How does hydrogen play a role in acid/base balance?
2.What three systems work together to maintain pH?How do each of them work?
Respiratory system: The rate and depth of respiration increases and excess carbonicacid is exhaled in an attempt to correct the pH imbalance. If too little carbonic acid ispresent in the blood, the rate and depth of the respiration decrease, andhypoventilation occurs.Renal system: The kidneys help maintain the acid–base balance by excretinghydrogen ions into the urine and reabsorbing bicarbonate from the urine.

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