Government-Exam 1 - Study Guide-Exam 1 What is Politics The...

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Study Guide-Exam 1 What is Politics?? The struggle for the power to influence or direct policy decisions What is government? Institutions and procedures through which a territory and its people are ruled The way policy is implemented - Determines who gets what, where, and when - Regulates the use of force in society - Also regulates markets Why do we need government? Gvt is needed to provide those services, sometimes called “public goods” that all citizens need but are not likely to be able to provide adequately to themselves. Such as: - Defense against foreign aggression - Maintenance of public order - Enforcement of contractual obligations and property rights - Social justice What does it take to have a government? - a way to make rules - a way to enforce the rules - a way to raise money (taxes) to pay for the first two - Political efficacy The belief that you have the ability to affect government & politics Theocracy Government ruled by religion Authoritarian government A system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits but may nevertheless be restrained by the power of other institutions (autonomous territories, organized religions and businesses) Democracy A system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the election of key public officials Constitutional Democracy Rules of the democracy written down in a Constitution Representative democracy Elect officials to represent the people at a national level. The reps play a significant role in governmental decision making Can a democracy be both constitutional and representative?
YES! The United States of America for example What are the essential beliefs of our democracy? - Liberty (freedom from gvt control) - Equality (political and of opportunity) - Democracy!

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