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Study Guide-Exam 1What is Politics??The struggle for the power to influence or direct policy decisionsWhat is government? Institutions and procedures through which a territory and its people are ruledThe way policy is implemented-Determines who gets what, where, and when-Regulates the use of force in society-Also regulates marketsWhy do we need government?Gvt is needed to provide those services, sometimes called “public goods” that all citizens need but are not likely to be able to provide adequately to themselves. Such as:-Defense against foreign aggression-Maintenance of public order-Enforcement of contractual obligations and property rights-Social justiceWhat does it take to have a government?-a way to make rules-a way to enforce the rules-a way to raise money (taxes) to pay for the first two-Political efficacyThe belief that you have the ability to affect government & politicsTheocracyGovernment ruled by religionAuthoritarian governmentA system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits but may nevertheless be restrained by the power of other institutions (autonomous territories, organized religions and businesses) DemocracyA system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the election of key public officialsConstitutional DemocracyRules of the democracy written down in a ConstitutionRepresentative democracyElect officials to represent the people at a national level. The reps play a significant role in governmental decision makingCan a democracy be both constitutional and representative?
YES! The United States of America for exampleWhat are the essential beliefs of our democracy?-Liberty (freedom from gvt control)-Equality (political and of opportunity)-Democracy!