unit 2 lecutres - Unit 2 I. George Grenville?s Policies A....

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Unit 2 I. George Grenville?s Policies A. Objectives (3) 1) estab a permanent military force in America 10,000 strong; to protect from Pontiac?s Conspiracy also to keep the colonists in line in regard to custom collections and to employ Brit officers in time of peace 2) enforce the ACTS OF TRADE ? ending period of SALUTARY NEGLECT How: WRITS OF ASSISTANCE ? general search & seize warrents 3) raise revenue in America by parliamentary taxation Goal: to raise 1/3 rd the cost needed to support the army B. Grenville?s Legislation (4) 1) Sugar Act (1764) ? amended Molasses Act of 1733(never enforced) - placed duty on foreign molasses & sugar - thus taxing RUM (favorite drink of 18 th cent) American response: Mass & Va letters saying: No taxation without representation 2) Currency Act (1764) ? no issuing paper money 3) Quartering Act (1765) ? to reduce army expenses, required colonists to furnish lodging and supplies to soldiers 4) Stamp Act (1765) ? a direct tax on about 50 items (ie. newspapers, legal documents, paper goods, playing cards, etc) How unlike former taxes ? DIRECT, intended to raise revenue America response: NO TAXATION w/o REPRESENTATION Problems with this agreement: British agreement of VIRTUAL REPRESENTATION Religious dissenters had always been taxed w/o representation by colonial assemblies Others non-represented: blacks, women, backwoodsmen True desire was return to good ol? days of salutary neglect C. Reaction to Grenville Policies -- Stamp Act Congress When/Where/Who: Oct 1765; NY City; 27 delegates from 9 colonies) Actions: protests to King against parliamentary taxation asked parliament to repeal legislation estab a boycott (NONIMPORTATION, NONCONSUMPTION AGREEMENT) against British goods ? formed SONS OF LIBERTY to enforce boycott Results: some violent actions against stamp collectors merchants in England complain of lost business; pressure parliament
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Repeal of Stamp Act ? Passage of Declaratory Act Celebrations of victory: NY erects statue of George III (later used for lead) II. The Townshend Program ? A. Introduction: Champagne Charley ? Chancellor of the Exchequer Boast: to pluck the colonial goose without its squaking B. The Duty Act (or Townshend Act) [1767] - places duty on glass, lead, tea and paper - tax to be collected by British commissioners in America (INDIRECT) C. American Reactions: Some favor return to boycott, but others less intense Mass General Court sends CIRCULAR LETTER calling for boycott to Va British overreact: dissolves Mass Assembly moves 2 regiments from frontier to Boston Boston Massacre (March 5, 1770) crowd of 60 surround squad of 10 soldiers guarding property shots fired; 11 killed or wounded; trial convicts 2 soldiers of manslaughter D. Repeal of Townshend Act (except for duty on tea) why: didn?t raise revenue as expected; yet it brought colonial violence III. The Lord North Ministry A. Period of Calming (no new troubles 1770-72) B. Rising Tensions 1772 (2)
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIS 163 taught by Professor Terrybilhartz during the Fall '08 term at Sam Houston State University.

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unit 2 lecutres - Unit 2 I. George Grenville?s Policies A....

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