Lecture 2012-10-02 - Lecture Korean civilizations the first...

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Lecture 2012-10-02 Korean civilizations – the first 498000 years How did the early states develop? o Tan’gun myth o People originated from Siberia – archaeological evidence Migration o Scytho-siberian bronze culture – Sinitic iron culture o Cultural evidence of shamanism similar to Siberian o Shared linguistics with people of Mongolia, Manchuria, Siberia Early Villages Period (6000 – 2000 BCE) – early stone age o Pit dwellings o Pottery agriculture o Stone tools o Migratory o Dolemans – stone structure to mark graves of leaders o Stone knives o Conical pottery Fire rings Bronze Age 1000 – 300 BCE o Locally made bronzes o Use of stone cist tombs – possibly more north o Dolmens – possibly more south o Agriculture – rice cultivation o Villages of semi-subterranean hillside dwellings from 10s – 100,000s o Rock art implying metal tools Early Iron Age 300 BCE – 0 o Iron culture from China o Sinitic influences – culture/ideas Growth of societies o Small tribes larger tribes confederated states kingdoms Earliest State o Choson o Southern Manchuria or near Pyongyang? o Combined with other town-states to form single confederation by 4 th century BCE o Theocracy; multiethnic; early leaders- tan’gun wanggom Wiman Chosson o 194 to 108 BCE o Founded by refugees of border wars o Agrarian confederated kingdom based on Old Choson o Fell to Han back in 108 BCE o Wiman controversy founder Ch/K? o J assertions of superiority/older culture Four Han Chinese Commanderies – China or Korean peninsula?
o Chinbon o Imdun o Hyont’o (Xuantu) o Nantung 3 Han o Mahan (SW) Paekche or Koguryo?

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