midterm keyterms - Korean 50 Tangun o Origin of the Korean...

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Korean 50,Tan’gun oOrigin of the Korean people and culture; product of a god who became human and a bear who became a womanoestablished Chosono1500 year reigno30thcentury BCoReaffirms claims of linear/homogenous history of KoreaoOutside person ruleroCulture was transmitted through culture/interactionoMyth demonstrates that he is not like other beings – as later kings were born from eggs, he was born from mythical means as well – legitimize his kingshipOld Chosŏno30thcentury to 3rdcentury BCEoOrigin of Korea people/cultureoFirst society with articulated political structureoManchuria or North Korea near PyongyangoCombined with other town-states to form single confederation by 4thcentury BCEoTheocracy; multiethnictan’gun wanggŏmotitle given to political leader of Choson odescribes officiates in religious services to heavenWiman Chosŏno2ndcentury BCEogeneral from the Chinese state of Yan, who submitted to Old Choson's King Jun; apt as commander of western border; controversy whether Korean or ChineseoFounded by refugee of border warsoRevolted and destroyed old choson oAgrarian confederated kingdom based on Old ChosonoFell to Han back in 108 BCEoExpanded to vast territory and controlled trade with ChinaoHybrid of Korean and ChineseoJapan assertions of superiority/older culturePuyŏoManchuria to North Koreao2ndcentury BCE to 5thcenturyoPuyo weaker and fell to KoguryooNot monolithic continuous states in ancient historyoGeography not = political entities or bordersoLots of migration of people/culture/ideasKoguryŏ - Northo1stcentury BCE to 7thcenturyoFounded by Chumong – egg birth, skilled archer, supernatural in killing enemies
Aka TongmyongoKoguryo grew intermittently, thriving more when neighbors posed less of a threatonorthern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, and southern Russiaoone of the 3 kingdoms of KoreaoSince China had issues, it allowed Koguryo to expand and grow economically, culturally, sociallyoNot monolithic continuous states in ancient historyoGeography not = political entities or bordersoLots of migration of people/culture/ideasoDiff countries have different view on origin of KoguryoNeed to look beyond territory and nationalismGo beyond imposition of present-day thinking on ancient pastSamhano2ndcentury BCE until around 4thcenturyoMahan (SW) Paekche or Koguryo?oShinhan (SE) SillaoPyonhan (south central) KayaoWHY IS THIS IMPORTANT? This is dumb.King Kwanggaet’ooAt turn of 5thcenturyoReigned at peak of Koguryo poweroPushed boundaries of Korea – known as “extender of territory”oStele erected in China; legitimize invasionsŬlchi MundŏkoKoguryo commander at Battle of Salsu (7thcentury)oIndicative of militarism and territorial wars at the timeoChinese Sui vs KoguryooDespite repeated attempts, Chinese Sui unable to conquer

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