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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 11: THE CONTEXTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT Be familiar with the definitions of the several different types of families described in lecture. Also be able to describe some of the risks/problems with some of these family types (if any) and the protective factors that increase the chances for optimal development within these different kinds of families.- look over notes 2/28/08 What are some of the causes of sibling rivalry?- compete for resources, including attention- new baby is difficult for children under 4 years of age- most common in situations of: differential treatment, unstable family circumstances, coercive or hostile parenting Be able to describe the RESOURCE DILUTION MODEL for the influence of multiple children on the intellectual development.- parental resources become diluted with each additional child (setting, treatments, opportunities) (downey 2001)- other causal properties: more educated parents have less children smarter people make smarter children How and why can birth order effect intellectual development?- family environment affects sibilings differently based on timing of their birth- results have been mixed: depends on the age children are tested a significant correlation have been found for birth order and edu achievement in children over 11 years old older children outscore later borns- why? --- in their earliest years of development that did not have to share parental resources and first borns get an intellectual advantage of being the tutor to their siblings What are some developmental effects of having no siblings?- positive: high self esteem, achievement oriented ( as much as children with 1 sibling), more privacy, more financial resources- negative: may have more pressure from parents, difficulty in social relationships, lack of sibling relationship Be able to clearly describe and give examples of the 4 major types of parenting styles: authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and uninvolved/neglectful. What types of behaviors/child outcomes are each of these parenting styles associated with? How does this vary by culture/living conditions?- authoritarian: high demanding, low responsive lower social competence often seek adult help for peer conflicts higher rates of anger towards authority- Authoritative: high demanding, high responsive competent, self controlled, curious better school performance- Permissive: low demanding, high responsive low self control and immature- Uninvolved/Neglectful: low demanding, low responsive low social competence poor school performance--- correlational data can not direction of effect- vary by culture: authoritative parenting is correlate with better outcomes for European- American and Hispanic American children Authoritarian correlated better outcomes for African American children (esp girls), and especially for low income neighborhoods Authoritarian parenting is also correlated with higher academic achievement for Asian...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSC 140 taught by Professor Lagatutta during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.
- Spring '08