SOC 4 final guide

SOC 4 final guide - I Linguistic Incorporation and...

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I. Linguistic Incorporation and Educational Achievement Which immigrants are likely to acquire better English skills? - Entered the US early in adulthood; Having been in the US for long; - Having a native-born spouse; Participated in the US labor force What are the challenges that confront social services agencies that attempt to serve a linguistically diverse population? - They must attempt to serve the educational needs for children who are in linguistically isolated households - There is a great deal on language diversity among older immigrants in poverty. This makes it hard for social workers to communicate and fulfill their needs. Bilingual education is a contentious issue in America. What are the main arguments on each side? Briefly describe the difference between emersion programs and bilingual education programs. - Bilingualism does not equal emersion. - Emersion supporters often believe that English should be the only language allowed in school while often those in support of Bilingualism stress the importance of maintaining one’s cultural heritage and background while still learning another language. - Emersion classes put immigrant children through intense English/Foreign language classes for a short period and then immerse them into English only classes. This is to done to create an English only environment for the children. Often the children do not even know the language well enough before they are placed in these classes. - Bilingualism attempts to teach all student in two languages for the purpose to become more diverse and adopt a second culture for both the foreign children and native English speakers. Identify and briefly describe how fluent bilingualism benefits second-generation immigrants. What are some possible explanations for these benefits? - Linguists found that those who are bilingual outperform monolinguals on most cognitive tests. - Sociologists found that fluent bilinguals outperformed limited bilinguals and monolinguals on academic tests - Explanations: greater cognitive flexibility, bilingualism encourages selective acculturation, or perhaps it is due to “reverse causality” where those who are more willing and adaptable to a second language are simply those who do better on these kinds of tests The school performance of second-generation immigrants varies greatly across ethnic groups. What are some possible explanations? - it is found that immigrant students tend to outperform native students in early years of schooling, however this differences begins to close among long term residents and
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even out by Senior year. This may be due to the fact that the immigrants English skills become stronger and because they assimilate over the years. -
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SOC 4 final guide - I Linguistic Incorporation and...

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